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Rohit Dhankar

I am assuming secularism should be one of the most important values in current Indian politics. That makes the following questions very important. Secularism according to International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, 2nd edition, edited William A. Darity Jr., Macmillan “….in the twentieth century has come to refer to two interrelated practices: (1) a mode of political organization in which the state is neutral with reference to all established religions; and (2) later in the century, a political practice of the state that protects the rights of minorities in a multicultural society.”
Some questions:

1. If a state and polity realises (actually achieves) (1), is (2) needed?

2. Are (1) and (2) always consistent?

3. If in a particular situation (1) and (2) contradict each other which one should get precedence?

4. Are political strategies specially designed to appeal to religious groups secular?

5. Does India actually have a secular political party?

Any opinions?